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Read PDF Safeguards and Antidumping in Latin American Trade Liberalization. Fighting Fire with Fire

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Protectionism: Books

Important Links. Follow Us. App Download. M Finger Book 7 editions published in in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide. The Doha agenda and development : a view from the Uruguay Round by J. M Finger Book 18 editions published in in English and German and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide "The Doha Agenda continues the Uruguay Round's expansion of trade negotiations into behind-the-border policies, regulations, and institutions. This distracts attention from the part of the Agenda most directly linked to poverty reduction and economic development: removal of distortions to agricultural trade and of import restrictions on industrial goods - by developing as well as developed countries.

Behind-the-border areas are important for development but Uruguay Round experience indicates that trade negotiations provide here a troubled approach to development.


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On these, development institutions should lead. They are more comfortable with the necessary technicalities of project design and cost-benefit analysis. Development institutions' legalities are country-specific and project-specific, more suited to the one-off problems and trialerror rhythm of what is needed than is WTO's generic approach to legal obligation. If there is momentum behind the development dimensions of the new areas, then the trade dimensions can be managed; but one cannot push the string.

Antidumping as safeguard policy by J. M Finger 10 editions published in in English and Undetermined and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide Developing countries are now using antidumping more frequently than its traditional users such as the United States. It has become a real threat to continuing liberalization by Developing countries. Industrial country policy and adjustment to imports from developing countries : a background study for world development report, by J. M Finger Book 12 editions published in in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide.

M Finger 13 editions published between and in English and Undetermined and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide In mercantilist economics the North was a big winner over the South at the Uruguay Round; in real economics an even bigger winner. Implementing a WTO agreement on trade facilitation : what makes sense? M Finger 11 editions published between and in English and Undetermined and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide "Contrary to the prevailing view that the Doha negotiations have achieved little, the authors find that on trade facilitation much progress has been made.

This is particularly true in regard to action by development banks and bilateral development agencies to meet client demand for assistance in reform. Active private sector participation has been an important factor driving change. Many agencies have been involved in this work.

The authors find that their roles have been consistent with their comparative advantages. As to how the international community can best support continued progress, the authors conclude in favor of a cautious approach to the imposition of new WTO obligations in the area of trade facilitation. On the whole, this is the approach the WTO has taken, for example, by limiting its negotiations on trade facilitation to several specific provisions of the GATT. The WTO can continue to function as a catalyst for reform.

It is perhaps uniquely placed to relate the trade facilitation agenda to the overall trade agenda. On design and construction of the relevant infrastructures and capacities to spur development, the development institutions, including bilateral agencies, should continue to lead. The authors find little evidence to support the need for a comprehensive new "platform" or mechanism to channel trade-related aid as part of implementation of any new agreement at the WTO on trade facilitation. They recommend, however, that an innovative approach to using the well established, but under utilized Trade Policy Review Mechanism be considered to increase transparency on where new aid is going over time and to expand understanding of where and how country-based progress has been achieved.

The MFA paradox : more protection and more trade?


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  • M Finger 13 editions published in in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide The textile industry's political power stemmed from its importance in southern states plus the power of the Southern delegation in the U. Congress in the s. The strongest resistance to the industry's pressure for protection came from the foreign policy interests of the Executive branch.

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    A constellation of influences explains why negotiated, or voluntary export restraints VERs , sanctioned by international agreements the Multi-Fiber Arrangement was the form protection took. First, the Japanese industry, at the time the world's leading textile exporter, already in the s had exhibited a willingness to accept negotiated agreements to trade disputes.

    Second, the U. Executive, having been a leader in establishing the GATT system to control the sort of unilateral restrictive actions that contributed to the s depression, was reluctant to take unilateral action.

    Safeguards and Antidumping in Latin American Trade Liberalization : Fighting Fire with Fire

    Third, the arrangement was acceptable to the U. But because enforcement remained with the Executive branch, it tended to follow the letter of the agreements, hence exports could continue to expand by shifting to new product varieties and to new supplier countries. A special safeguard mechanism for agricultural imports and the management of reform by J. M Finger 6 editions published between and in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide The record of traditional safeguard provisions of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the World Trade Organization provides useful information about how a special agricultural safeguard might be made effective.

    The success of existing safeguard or flexibility provisions to sustain long-run liberalization programs stems from their requiring objective, transparent, and participatory decisions on the application of the import restrictions they allow. The proposed special agricultural safeguard expands by arithmetic formula the bounds within which a Member may impose a new import restriction. Analysis reported here suggests that the formulas provide a poor guide for policy, indicating that they would frequently prescribe action that is not needed and fail to prescribe action when it would be appropriate.

    Analysis of the existing agricultural safeguard, to which the special agricultural safeguard is similar, indicates that it has functioned not as an allowance for occasional response to unusual situations but as an expansion of the limits Members have accepted through tariff bindings. To be useful, the special agricultural safeguard should do more than provide formulas for import restrictions. It should provide for objective and participatory processes that would bring forward relevant information and guide an objective and balanced accounting of the interests at play.

    Market access advances and retreats : the Uruguay Round and beyond by Michael J Finger Book 11 editions published in in English and held by 58 WorldCat member libraries worldwide Uruguay Round negotiations on market access were a success. Safeguards and antidumping in Latin American trade liberalization by J.


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    At the same time, they helped in maintaining centralized control over the management of pressures for protection in agencies with economy-wide accountabilities. The World Trade Organization's procedural requirements for example, to follow published criteria, or participation by interested parties helped leaders to change the culture of decision-making from one based on relationships to one based on objective criteria. However, when Latin American governments attempted to introduce economic sense - such as base price comparisons on an economically sensible measure of long-run international price rather than the more generous constructed cost concept that is the core of WTO rules - protection-seekers used the rules against them.

    They pointed out that World Trade Organization rules do not require the use of such criteria, nor do procedures in leading users industrial countries include such criteria.